intentional thinking during which meaning is
constructed through interactions between text and
reader. (Harris and Hodges, 1995)
US National Reading Panel
to Michael Pressley, skilled comprehension involves:
strategies: Explicit instruction in the
application of strategies has been shown to be very
effective in improving comprehension.
Students who comprehend well tend to have large vocabularies.
Vocabulary should be taught both directly and indirectly.
Decoding: When a student has fluent
word recognition more “cognitive space”
is freed up for understanding what has been read.
World knowledge: Reading comprehension
can be affected by world knowledge. Students can be
encouraged to make use of the world knowledge they
already have and to build new knowledge by reading
information-rich texts, and asking themselves “why”
questions as they read.
Monitoring: Good readers constantly
check that what they are reading makes sense.
instruction needs to be long term.
of comprehension should emphasise the application of
ideas in text rather than short-answer post reading
more information about comprehension go to further